Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) is an approach or method which integrates the teaching content with the teaching of non-native language.
Knowledge and principles of CLIL
- Subject teachers and language teachers
- Soft CLIL (language-led) and hard CLIL (subject-led)
- Content, communication, cognition and culture (the 4Cs)
- Basic interpersonal communicative skills (BICS)
- Cognitive academic language proficiency (CALP)
- Language: content-obligatory (specific subjects) and content-compatible (less formal, communicative)
- Learning skills: note taking, scanning, skimming, summarizing, drafting, editing, reviewing and the like
- Activities: communicating subject content orally, developing listening and reading strategies as well as producing written outputs.
- Learning environment: scaffolding, differentiation and consolidation
Debate in the foreign language classroom
Debate is the process of presenting arguments for or against a proposition. Propositions for which people argue are controversial and have one or more individuals presenting the case for the proposition while others present the case against it. Every debater is an advocate; the purpose of each speaker is to gain the belief of the audience for his side. Argument is the core of the debate speech—the superior debater must be superior in the use of argument. The chief means of persuasion in debate is the logical mode. ― Robert B. Huber and Alfred Snider, Influencing Through Argument, rev. ed. International Debate Education Association, 2006
According to Daniel Krieger, debate is an excellent activity for language learning because it engages students in a variety of cognitive and linguistic ways. Not only does debate provide meaningful listening, speaking and writing practice, but it is also highly effective for developing argumentation skills for persuasive speech and writing.